Oman said it plans to build one of the world’s largest green hydrogen plants, as GCC states step up efforts to produce a fuel seen as crucial to the clean energy transition.
State oil firm OQ SAOC, Hong Kong-based InterContinental Energy and Kuwait’s EnerTech will be partners on the project, which will eventually be powered by 25,000 megawatts of wind and solar energy, according to OQ.
No funding has been sourced yet and a final investment decision is not expected until 2026, according to InterContinental Energy.
The facility would require transforming the sultanate from a clean energy minnow to one of the biggest in the region. It currently has just 159 megawatts of installed renewables capacity, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency.
The project may cost around USD 30 billion, Alicia Eastman, Co-Founder and President of InterContinental Energy, said in an interview.
The market for hydrogen — perceived as clean because it produces only water vapor when burned — is tiny today. But it could be worth USD 700 billion annually by 2050, according to BloombergNEF estimates. Saudi Arabia and the UAE are among the other countries in the region with green hydrogen ambitions.
Green hydrogen is made when renewable energy is used to split water molecules. Many states, including Oman, also plan to manufacture blue hydrogen, a form of the fuel produced from natural gas with the carbon dioxide byproduct being captured.